FDA announces "major milestone" FSMA rule
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced a "critical step forward" in the organization's efforts to bring about farm-to-table traceability of the food supply.
Frank Yiannas, Deputy Commissioner for Food Policy and Response, said the FDA has proposed a new rule that lays the foundation for the end-to-end food traceability across the food industry. It will be working toward this over the next decade as part of the New Era of Smarter Food Safety initiative.
"When we say traceability, what we are really talking about is the ability to track a food at every step of the supply chain," he said.
"While limited to certain foods, this proposed rule would create a first-of-its-kind standardized approach to traceability recordkeeping, paving the way for industry to adopt and leverage more digital, tech-enabled traceability systems both in the near term and the future."
"We are also releasing a draft Food Traceability List that identifies foods to which the additional recordkeeping requirements would apply."
Yiannas writes below about the four key areas relating to the new rule: A Bridge to the New Era of Smarter Food Safety, A Game Changer for Prevention, Harmonizing Approaches, and Benefits of Better Traceability.
A Bridge to the New Era of Smarter Food Safety
Congress recognized the need for greater traceability in the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). FSMA section 204, Enhancing Tracking and Tracing of Food and Recordkeeping, instructs the FDA to develop additional recordkeeping requirements for certain foods to help establish clear tracing of a food product’s source when needed to address food safety risks.
This proposed rule, when finalized, would implement this key component of the landmark food safety law. We recognize that to fully realize the public health benefits envisioned by FSMA, we need to continue to improve our ability to rapidly and accurately identify foods that may be causing illness, and this rulemaking is part of that.
When FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn and I announced the New Era of Smarter Food Safety Blueprint in July, this proposed rule was presented as the first step in our work to advance traceability. We want to help protect consumers by more quickly identifying the source of contaminated products, limiting the scope of recalls, and reducing the risk of illness or death. Advancing traceability will also greatly facilitate timelier root-cause investigations to learn more about how contamination occurs in order to prevent future outbreaks.
A Game Changer for Prevention
Consumers don’t normally think of food traceability as being a means of preventing foodborne illness, but like many of the improvements in food safety over the years, such as whole genome sequencing, what we are proposing today has a direct impact on preventing foodborne illness.
More comprehensive traceability through access to records of key data elements associated with critical tracking events in food production and distribution has the potential to help us pinpoint the exact sources of foods involved in outbreaks. Not only does this help us to remove potentially unsafe products from the market more quickly, preventing additional illness or death, but it also helps us to conduct root cause investigations to figure out what went wrong leading to the outbreak.
Without knowing the source of a contaminated food is extremely hard, if not impossible, for us to fully diagnose the problem and work with industry to develop and implement strategies to prevent similar issues in the future. Recent outbreaks of foodborne illness tied to fresh produce like leafy greens and papayas, among others, highlight the importance of this work.
Today’s food system has changed as the way our society operates changes, creating a complex and globally connected landscape that changes how food moves through supply chains.
When we look at the current state of traceability across the food supply, we find that even though some food producers, manufacturers and retailers have adopted modern, effective traceability systems, rarely are these systems compatible with each other. And still, many other food companies have not adopted traceability systems at all. Simply put, we lack a harmonized system of traceability from farm to fork that is universally understood and utilized.
This means that during an outbreak investigation, our ability to rapidly track and trace specific food products through the supply chain is often impeded by a lack of data. The result can be millions of dollars in avoidable product loss by necessitating overly broad recalls and consumer advisories, a loss of consumer trust, and prolonged outbreaks of consumer illnesses and deaths.
We conducted extensive research in developing this proposed rule and chose an approach that would standardize the data elements and information companies must establish and maintain, along with information they must send to the next entity in the supply chain.
We took into consideration the existing standards that some firms and industry groups have already adopted, and when possible, we have strived to make the proposed requirements compatible with those standards. We look forward to hearing comments on the proposed rule, including perspectives from different parts of the supply chain and businesses of different sizes. We will consider the submitted comments as we work to finalize this proposed rule.
Benefits of Better Traceability
The approach we have laid out in the proposed rule would allow us to better establish linkages throughout the supply chain during a foodborne illness outbreak investigation and more quickly identify potential sources of contamination and prevent additional illness and death.
The availability of the traceability records that are set out in the proposed rule would also help limit the scope of recalls and in some instances, allow the FDA to better target consumer advice, avoiding blanket alerts on whole commodity sectors.
For instance, in some past leafy green outbreaks, the FDA has had to call for all romaine lettuce to be removed from the marketplace when the available supply chain information could not pinpoint a specific entity that produced the lettuce linked to the illnesses. With this proposed rule, we’re hoping to avoid situations like this in the future.
I am excited to continue collaborating with stakeholders as we work to finalize this rule, and further enhance traceability. We are encouraging you to be involved in this process by commenting on the proposed rule. We look forward to announcing public meetings to discuss this proposed rule with everyone interested in food safety and value input from all stakeholders during the comment period.
Working together, we will advance food traceability and usher in a New Era of Smarter Food Safety that benefits producers and consumers.