FPAA accuses Florida tomato group of 'pushing to undermine industry norms', drive up prices
The Fresh Produce Association of the Americas (FPAA) has accused the Florida Tomato Exchange (FTE) of pushing the Department of Commerce to undermine produce industry normals and drive up prices.
In a release, the FPAA alleged the FTE is aiming to "fundamentally change long-standing industry sales practices to the benefit of a small group of state growers and the detriment of the produce industry at large".
If this change is allowed to go forward, the cost of tomatoes could spike, while the bedrock produce trading term of “Free On Board” (FOB) sales from shipping point would be fundamentally altered, the FPAA said.
The FTE has long maintained that Florida tomato growers have suffered heavily from unfair competition from Mexican imports and that changes are needed to allow them to better compete in the U.S. market and avoid further financial damage.
Responding to political pressure from trade lawyers representing FTE, Commerce is seeking public comment on an FTE proposal that stands to increase tomato prices and reduce competition, even as tomato shippers and consumers struggle, the FPAA added.
FOB pricing historically includes costs and expenses up to the FOB selling point for a given commodity.
According to the FPAA, under the FTE proposal, for tomatoes sold at shipping points along the border such as San Diego, Nogales, and McAllen, movement and handling expenses from the physical border to U.S. warehouses incurred before sale -- which since 1996 have been included within the FOB shipping point price -- would have to be added to the applicable reference price.
It says this would essentially mandate that sellers double-charge buyers for expenses that were designed to be covered by the existing minimum price.
“The Consumer Price Index rose over 5% in the past month, and now some greedy interests seek to further disrupt the fresh tomato market,” said Lance Jungmeyer, President of the FPAA. “Tomato prices would spike and add to food inflation, which is especially tough when so many Americans are already struggling.”
Tomato shipping point prices could increase up to 20% if Commerce follows through with the FTE’s proposed changes of the 2019 Tomato Suspension Agreement. If Commerce accepts FTE’s proposed interpretation, the government-mandated floor price for Mexican tomatoes would be inflated to double-count certain expenses that previously had already been built into the negotiated market price.
“For many grocers and wholesalers, there would be no choice but to pass on these extra costs to consumers,” Jungmeyer added. “This amounts to a sudden, unwarranted re-interpretation of the latest nearly 2-year-old 2019 Tomato Suspension Agreement. It would alter how sales have occurred under iterations of the Tomato Suspension Agreement going all the way back to 1996.”
If parties had intended to change the essential meaning of the industry term “FOB sale,” parties would have objected strenuously during the previous negotiation, and yet there were no such complaints, the FPAA has noted in its public comments on this issue.
“This is just another example of FTE attempting to manipulate and undermine existing industry practices to create chaos in the tomato supply chain,” said Jungmeyer.
“Florida tomato growers have been unable or unwilling to adapt to consumer preferences for vine-ripened tomatoes and still supply mainly tomatoes that are picked green and artificially ripened in rooms injected with ethylene gas."
"Instead of changing their own production methods to meet changing consumer demand, FTE reflexively blames imports and tries to game the system by demanding Commerce make an unprecedented rule change as to the meaning of FOB sales price. Commerce cannot move forward with FTE’s absurd demands or it threats to undermine FOB pricing norms for the entire produce industry.”